Big Island Inspections by
Pacific Inspection Group
Cell 808.344.0974 Office 808.985.8554

Hawaii Water Catchment & Rainwater Harvesting Inspections

Interested in harvesting your own rain water? Pacific Inspection Group inspects water catchment systems.

Rainwater Catchment Systems
by Nick Gromicko

Rooftop rainwater catchment is a system for gathering rainwater from residential or commercial roofs for direct use. Rainwater catchment systems are used to harvest rainwater for a variety of purposes: Survival in a locale that lacks municipal water service; reducing the water bill; survival during drought; conservation of municipal water resources; and self-reliance. Common uses for rainwater catchment are consumption, crop irrigation, and household uses, such as flushing toilets and washing clothes.

How They Work

Rainwater catchment systems vary, from the very simple, such as using a rooftop gutter that drains into a drum container, to the more complex, such as systems that use many tanks, pumps and control mechanisms. Large cisterns hold the captured water and prevent evaporation and contamination from external sources. Rainwater captured for drinking is usually filtered and then purified, while rainwater meant for irrigation and household use requires less intervention.



 
Facts and Figures

Rainwater collection from roofs dates back thousands of years. Rather than becoming spoiled as water sits in a cistern, rainwater actually becomes cleaner as bacteria and other pathogens eventually die. Still, stored water must first be purified before it is safe for human consumption.

Potential Hazards

Although reported illnesses resulting from drinking rainwater are rare, rainwater may carry with it such pollutants as animal excrement, sand, dust, algae, and dissolved gasses, such as CO2. Roofs treated with metallic paint or asbestos may be unsuitable for rainwater collection. It is better not to collect the first rain after a dry spell in order to minimize much of this risk. Also, avoid pulling rainwater from the bottom of a cistern, as that is where accumulated matter, if any, generally settles.

Advantages of Rainwater Harvesting

  • Collected rainwater becomes a more valuable resource as water becomes increasingly scarce in certain regions.
  • Individuals can augment their public drinking water supply, thereby lessening their reliance on the municipal water system to deliver the necessities of life.
  • It is relatively inexpensive to implement and maintain such systems.
  • Individuals can maintain control of the additives in their drinking water.
  • The environmental cost of transporting water is reduced.
  • Consumers who harvest their own water have guaranteed access to water during power outages.
  • There is reduced urban runoff and associated water pollution.
  • Such systems may be used in both urban and rural areas.
  • Harvesting systems are expandable; additional tanks may be added as needed for a given catchment area.

Disadvantages of Rainwater Harvesting

  • Rainfall is a limited resource, as well as unpredictable, in most regions.
  • Rainwater may be sufficient only to supplement an individual's use of the public water supply, rather than replace it entirely.
  • Unfiltered rainwater may cause damage to household appliances due to particles in the water.
  • Rainwater catchment systems must be cleaned at least once a year, especially if drinking water is being captured.
  • Laws governing catchment of rainwater differ by municipality. In many areas, such as the state of Colorado, it is illegal to collect rainwater, as it is considered a public resource belonging to the public water supply.

Inspection

While inspection of catchment systems may exceed InterNACHI's Standards of Practice, some tips for inspectors to be aware of include the following.  Homeowners considering harvesting their own rainwater can benefit from these tips, as well.

  • Whenever possible, roofs should be far from overhanging trees so as to avoid animal droppings.  Tree limbs that overhang structures should be trimmed back to minimize many potential hazards.
  • Catchment components should be constructed from appropriate materials, especially in systems delivering potable water.
  • Gutters should be clean and free of debris.
  • Gutters should be in good condition and strong enough to contain water during peak rain periods.
  • Cisterns should be sufficiently large to hold expelled water during peak rainfall.
  • Cisterns should be airtight and free of cracks.
  • Cisterns should be covered to protect against evaporation and insect breeding.
  • Cisterns should be made from dark materials so as to avoid algae growth from light penetration.
  • In systems equipped with pumps, pumps should be properly sized. Improper pump sizing leads to inefficiency and diminished life expectancy of the system.
  • All components should be properly installed so as to minimize water loss.
  • Excess water should be allowed to overflow in a manner that does not cause environmental damage or water contamination.


In summary, rooftop water catchment systems can provide a significant, free source of water for both human consumption and household use, if they are properly constructed and implemented.

For more information on Rainwater Catchment Systems in Hawaii specifically, see this publication from the University of Hawaii: UH Catchment information

Intersted in your own water catchment system? Call (808) 344-0974 or contact us to schedule your Hawaii home inspection today!

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I felt very confident in my decision to buy a home as a result of Pacific Inspection Group’s thorough inspection. Tom arrived early before everyone. I was concerned that he would be overwhelmed by our presence, but Tom took it all in stride. He politely asked us to let him look around the home and its exterior by himself and promised to return and take us around to talk about the details of his inspection. He took the time to identify the major defects & patiently answered all my questions. He assured me that his report would cover everything we spoke about. We were with him a good two hours and there wasn't a hint of annoyance.

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I highly recommend Tom & Pacific Inspection Group’s services without reservations!

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6/29/13 Inspection Date


Did You Know...

More than one-third of the world's commercial supply of pineapples comes from Hawaii.





Pacific Inspection Group
Tom Burgess
16-566 Keeau-pahoa Rd Ste 188-138
Keaau Hi 96749
Ph: 808-985-8554
808-344-0974

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